Post Office Directory 1851, Steyning, West Sussex

Steyning is a parish, market, and union town, giving name to a hundred in the rape of Bramber, at the foot of a lofty hill, about a mile west of the river Adur, which is navigable to small vessels, 50 ½ miles from London, and 6 miles north from Shoreham. The town consists of a wide street, running in a north-westerly direction, from which branches another, leading north-east to the church, and has been much improved both in building and general appearance; it is supplied with pure water from 2 springs in, and another issuing from, the base of the hill half a mile from town, its stream, turning 2 corn mills belonging to Steyning. The market is held every alternate Monday, for cattle and corn; and a considerable fair is held on the 11th October, for cattle &c. Steyning is a poling place for West Sussex, and the seat of a petty sessions. The town is a borough by prescription having returned 2 members to parliament, from the time of Edward I., but is now disfranchised. The church, dedicated to St. Andrew, is a large structure in the Norman style of architecture; the interior is richly decorated, and is supposed to have been built about the 12th century. It is said that King Ethelwolf, the father of Alfred the Great, and St. Cathman, were buried here. The benefice is a vicarage, value £400 per annum, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Chichester, deanery of Storrington, patronage of the Duke of Norfolk, and incumbency of the Rev. Thomas Medland, B.D. Here is a grammar school, founded and endowed in 1614, by William Holland, an alderman of the city of Chichester, consisting of £81 10s. per annum, arising from land and premises in Steyning, the objects of which are, that the boys in and around Steyning be instructed in the principles of the established religion, and the Greek and Latin languages. The area of Steyning is 3,381 acres, and population, in 1851, was 1464, assessed at £7,001. The glebe land consists of 80 acres; the rectory is part of an ancient priory belonging to the Abbey of Fescamp, in Normandy. The principal trade is agriculture. Here is an extensive parchment manufactory, as well as 2 breweries. The union house is at Shoreham. The Weslyans have a neat chapel in Steyning. A Mechanics Institution and reading room has been established here.

Botolphs, or Buttolphs, in Steyning hundred and union, rape of Bramber, with 910 acres, and assessed to the Income Tax at £942. It is 2 miles south-east from Steyning, on the river Adur. The church, dedicated to St. Botolph, is a small structure, with chancel, nave and low tower. The benefice is a vicarage, united with Bramber, in the patronage of Magdelen College, Oxford, and incumbency of the Rev. Thomas Grantham, B.D. The soil, chiefly belongs to the representative of the late Hugh Penfold, esq.

Coombs, a parish in the hundred and union of Steyning, rape of Bramber, 3 miles north-east from Steyning, and 2 north-west from Shoreham, with 1,270 acres, and a population, in 1851, of 72. The whole of the parish is occupied by John, William and George Hampion. The living is a rectory, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Chichester, value £201 per annum, in the gift of the Colonel Wyndham, and incumbency of the Rev. J. Thornton, D.D. The church is a very small structure in the early style of English architecture.

Bannister Misses, Nash
Ingram Hugh, esq.
Kidd Mrs.
Lashmar Peter Marchant
Medland Rev. Thomas, D.D. Vicarage
Mostyn Mrs. Gatewick House
Penfold William John, esq.
Randall Lieut. John, R.N.
Sanderland Miss
Traw Richard Newland, esq.
Tribe John, esq.
Verrall Mrs.
Young Edmund, esq.

Alrey George, Grammar School
Anderson George, hairdresser & stationer
Bailye John, boot maker
Baldey Frederick, agent to Sun fire & life assurance
Banfield William, brewer & beer retailer
Berry Mrs. Ann, boys’ & girls’ day school
Blackaller Stephen, millwright
Brackley Robert, bricklayer
Brackley William, bricklayer
Breach George Thomas & Sons, fellmongers, wool & coal merchants, glovers, leather dressers, parchment manufacturers, ship owners, farmers, wholesale hosiers & flannel dealers
Brooks Edward, boot maker
Brooks George, boot maker
Brooks Henry, boot maker
Brown James, boarding & day school, Chantry House
Brown Richard, farmer
Cheesman John, oak timber merchant
Cook Edward, stonemason
Cox Mrs. Harriet, blacksmith
Cripps Edward, deputy superintendent registrar of births, deaths & marriages
Curtis Joseph, grocer & agent to the Royal Exchange fire & life office
Dalby Charles, carpenter & builder
Daniels Samuel, general dealer
Denn Robert, “Star”
Drewtt James, cow keeper & pork butcher
Duke Mrs. Ann, butcher
Durrant John Payne, plumber
Elphick William, farmer, Steyning Court
Emery William, baker
Farley Charles Edward, wheelwright
Gates George, farmer
Gates George, jun. brewer & maltster
Gates Henry, farmer, Jarvis
Gates Richard, cattle salesman
Gray Benjamin William, inland revenue officer
Hammond William Edgar & Frederick, corn dealers
Hammond William, farmer
Henty, Upperton & Oliver, bankers
Hill Henry, omnibus proprietor
Hill William, market gardener
Holden Mrs. Sarah, grocer
Holmes Edward Reed, tailor & town crier
Howell John, butcher
Jenner Alfred, lime burner
Jutten James, farmer
Kidd Miss Frances, blacksmith
Kidd John, auctioneer, grocer, corn, seed and coal merchant, lime burner, farmer, stamp office & agent to the County fire & Provident life offices
Kidd Miss Mary, ladies’ boarding school
Kidd Richard Hugh, miller
Langford James, blacksmith
Lasseter Charles, watchmaker
Lasseter William John, ironmonger
Lashmar Thomas Marchant, farmer
Mannings Thomas, “Three Tuns Inn” & inland revenue office
Mannings William, watchmaker
Marshall Henry, linen draper, & agent to Kent fire & life office
Michell Edward & George, brewers, maltsters, corn merchants & farmers
Morgan Godfrey, tailor
Nailard William, farmer & veterinary surgeon
Newington Reuben, “Chequers Inn”
Newman Mrs. Sarah, carrier
Page Richard, cooper
Parsons Thomas, chair maker
Penfold William, miller
Penfold William John, solicitor
Polney Robert, police officer
Read Thomas, tailor
Read William, brewer & beer retailer
Richardson George, saddler
Rowland John, boot maker
Rowland John, jun. boot maker
Shurey Miss Eliza, milliner
Skinner Richard, tailor & hosier
Slaughter Edward, tailor
Slaughter Mrs. Elizabeth, dressmaker & stay maker
Slaughter Harry, saddler
Sone Thomas, grocer & auctioneer
Standing Edward, carrier
Steele Stephen, “White Horse Inn”
Sturt John, butcher
Taylor George, grocer, clothier & hatter
Trew Richard Newland, surgeon
Tribe John, solicitor, clerk to the magistrates & Steyning union, & superintendent registrar of births, death & marriages, & clerk to commissioners of taxes & commissioners of Horsham, Steyning & Worthing turnpike roads
Trussler John, carpenter
Trussler Thomas, carpenter
Tyler William, saddler
West Thomas, “George”
Wheeler William, carpenter & parish clerk
Wolferstan Humphrey, chemist
Woolgar Richard, grocer
Wright Benjamin Charles, National School
Young Edmund, surgeon

Holmes Charles, parish clerk
Penfold Mrs. Annington

Burtenshaw Peter, parish clerk
Hampton John, William & George, farmers, Applesham

Post Office – Zaccheus Steer, receiver. Money orders are granted and paid here. Letters from London and all parts arrive at 5.30am; dispatched 9pm via Hurstpierpoint.

Bankers – Henty, Upperton & Olliver; draw on Sir J. W. Lubbock & Co. London

Insurance Agents:-
County Fire, John Kidd
Kent Fire & Life, Henry Marshall
Provident Life, John Kidd
Royal Exchange Fire & Life, Joseph Curtis
Royal Farmers’, George Michell
Sun Fire & Life, Frederick Baldey

Public establishments:-
Stamp Office, John Kidd, sub-distributor
Inland Revenue Office, Three Tuns Inn

Public Officers:-
Clerk to Magistrates, Clerk to Steyning Union, Clerk to Commissioners of Taxes, & Clerk to Commissioners of Horsham, Steyning, Worthing Turnpike Roads & Superintendent Registrar of Birth, Deaths, & Marriages (Steyning District), John Tribe
Inland Revenue Officer, Benjamin William Gray

Churches & Chapels:-
St Andrew’s Church, Rev. Thomas Medland, B.D. vicar
Wesleyan Chapel, various

Public Schools:-
Endowed Grammar, George Alrey, master
National, Benjamin Charles Wright master

Posting House – White Horse Inn, Stephen Steele

Coach to Shoreham – Albert, from Chequers Inn to railway station, daily (sun. ex.), at 9am, returning same evening

Carriers To:-
London – Through Reigate, Crawley, & Croyden, Sarah Newman, every mon.; and returns fri.
Brighton & Shoreham – E. Standing, tues. thurs. & sat.; returns same day


Transcribed by Stacey Gardner

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