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Directory: 1859 Kelly's Directory.

Pages: -.

Name: Seaford.

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Seaford is a retired watering place, and one of the Cinque-ports, having separate local jurisdiction, and is 3½ miles from Newhaven station, 60 from London, 13 east of Brighton, 11 south of Lewes, and 9 west of Eastbourne, in Flexborough hundred, Pevensey rape, union of Eastbourne, East Sussex, diocese of Chichester, archdeaconry of Lewes, and deanery of Pevensey. The parish comprises 2,270 acres, and a population, in 1851, of 997. The benefice is a vicarage annexed to that of Sutton, and the vicarial tithes are commuted at £240 per annum. The living is in the gift of the Bishop of Oxford; the Rev. James Carnegie, M.A., is the incumbent. The river Ouse formerly ran into the sea at the Cliff-end, but was diverted some centuries since, and the mouth is now at Newhaven. The ancient town and port of Seaford is governed by a municipal corporation, consisting of a bailiff, jurats and freemen; the bailiff (who is also coroner for the liberty ex officio) is chosen annually by the freemen. On the 29th September, and the jurats, who are the local magistrates, of whom there may be 12 in number, are elected also by the freemen, who have extensive and peculiar privileges under their charters, being exempt from all county juries, free to trade in the city of London and all other towns in England, and formerly were styled Barons, and held the canopy over the sovereign’s head at the coronation. Courts of general quarter sessions and gaol delivery are holden, and petty sessions when required. There is a town hall, and gaol underneath. Seaford is a borough by prescription, and from a very early period returned two members to Parliament, and was represented by the celebrated statesmen Pitt and Canning, but it was placed in Schedule A. in the Reform Bill. Some fishing is carried on, and fine prawns, &c. are caught in the rocks here; mackerel are sometimes taken in the bay in large quantities. The cliffs are of great height, and shelter is afforded in the roadstead for fleets of shipping during the prevalence of easterly gales; the bay is very deep, but of late years the sea has been receding from its shores. On Seaford heights are the remains of a large Roman camp, and it is supposed to be the site of the Civitas Anderida of the Romans. The fairs are held on the 14th of March and 25th July, yearly. The parish church, dedicated to St. Leonard, is an ancient structure in the Early English style, with a large square embattled tower, containing a peal of 8 bells. Seaford was formerly a large town, and contained 7 churches and chapels, which were burnt by the French in one of their descents on this coast. Cuckmere Haven is 2 miles and Beachy Head 5 miles east of the town. The custom of “Borough English” prevails here, whereby freehold property descends to the youngest son. There is a fort and Martello tower on the beach. Lord Howard de Walden and Seaford, and John Fitzgerald, Esq., are proprietors of considerable house property in the town; the Earl of Chichester, Major W.T. Harison, and Wm. Kenward, Esq. are the principle landowners of this parish. Chinton and Sutton are large farms within the liberty of the town and port. A commodious National school has been lately erected. Seaford gives its title of Baron to the family of Ellis. There are warm and cold sea-baths on the beach.

Private Residents

Mr Simon Bartlett of Chapel Row.

Rev. James Carnegie M.A., Vicar.

Miss Mary Cook Esq. of Place House.

Maurice Purcel Noel Ryder Fitzgerald Esq. of 3 Marine Terrace.

Mr Edward Godden of 1 Marine Terrace.

Mr James Gorring.

Mrs Mary Gorring of Sycamore Cottage.

Mrs Elizabeth Harison of Victoria Villa.

Rev. John Harison B.A., Vicar of Bishopstone of Sutton Place.

Mr John Hubard.

Mr Joseph Hubard.

Mr Stephen Lowdell of Church Street.

Esq. Stephen Wilkinson Mellor of Steyne Hall.

Mrs - Outteridge of Broad Street.

Mrs - Pearce of Chinton House.

Henry Simmons Esq. J.P. of Crouch Cot.

Thomas Joseph Simmons Esq. of Steyne.

Hon. Georgina Smith Miss of West House.

Wm Tyler Smith M.D., J.P. of East House.

Francis Richard Tothill Esq. of Broad Street.

James Singer Turner J.P. of Chinton House.

Rev. John Westwood, Independent (minister) of High Street.


Thomas Ade, Miller of Sutton.

Miss Ann Allwork, Seminary of Church St.

Mrs Elizabeth Allwork, Lodging House of Church Lane.

Henry Allwork, Carpenter of Church St.

Charles Banks, Baker of High Street.

David Banks, Beer Retailer of High Street.

James Banks, Parish Clerk.

John Banks, Gardener.

Wm Banks Wm, Baker & Coal Dealer of High St.

Alfred Beal, Boot & Shoe Maker of South St.

Wm Bull, Gentlemen's Academy of West Ho.

William Burgess, Harness & Shoe Maker of Church Street.

Charles Caplin, Carpenter of Church Street.

Mrs Elizabeth Chambers of Lodging House, Broad Street.

James Chambers, Farmer of Pigeon Ho. Frm.

Mrs Sarah Maria Chambers, Butcher of High Street.

John Chapman, Agent to J Fitzgerald, Esq. Millburgh.

Geo. Clark, Baker & Coal Dealer of Church St.

William Clark, Old Tree & Grover of High Street & Broad Street.

Geo. Colwell, Carpenter & Builder of High St.

James Cosstick, Dairyman.

Chas. Drury, Boot & Shoe Maker of High St.

Miss Matilda Earl, Milliner.

William Earl, Carrier to Lewes.

John Harry Evans, Surgeon.

Hy. Fears, Plumbing & Painter of New Inn.

Wm. Gearing, Watch & Clock Maker of High St.

Jeremiah Graves, Lodging House of Cinque Port Place.

William Haine, Carpenter, Builder & House Agent of High Street.

Miss Elizabeth Harberd, Dressmaker.

William Haylor, Grocer, Draper & Provision Dealer of High Street.

Geo. Henrderson, Basket Maker of Crouch St.

Edgar Hilder, Butcher & Fly Proprietor of High Street.

Miss Eliza Hilder, Dressmaker of High St.

Thomas Jasper, Farmer of Sutton.

Thomas Jasper Jun., Farm bailiff to Major Harison of Sutton.

Thomas Lemon, Lodging House of 2 Marine Ter.

George Lower, Carrier to Lewes of High St.

Mrs Mary Lower, Beer Retlr. of Church St.

Edward Maltby, Master of National School.

Mrs Matilda Marshall, Ladies Boarding School of High Street.

Benjamin Mason, Land Agent of West Ldg.

Charles Morling, Builder of Church Street.

Geo. Newington, Hairdresser of Church St.

George Nye, Farmer of Sutton.

Mrs Frances Ockenden, Beer Retailer of Pelhams Arms Yard.

John Ockenden, Tailor of Church Street.

Nathaniel Crouch Ockenden, Shopkeeper of Church Street.

Richard Ockenden, Wheelwright of 3 Marine Terrace.

Charles Osbon, Coal Merchant & Farmer of Church Lane.

Mrs Sarah Pitcher, Day School of Chapel Row.

Thomas Reeds, Gardener of Crouch.

John Reeves, Farm bailiff of Chinton.

Miss Ellen Rusbridge, Post Mistress of High Street.

James Rusbridge, Mail Contractor of High Street.

Mrs Elizabeth Simmons, Lodging House of Steyne.

Thomas Simmons, Grocer of Church Street.

Thomas Stokesbury, Gardener of Steyne.

Alfred Towner, Lodging House Keeper of South Street.

Richard Towner, Grocer & General Draper of High Street (& Newhaven & Lewes).

Walter Towner, Agent to the Sun, Fire & Life Office of High Street.

Mrs Esther Trivett, Lodging House of 4 Marine Terrace.

James Singer Turner, Yeoman of Chinton Farm.

Miss Martha Westwood, Ladies Seminary of High Street.

William Washer Wood, Butcher, Fly Proprietor & Carrier to Brighton.

Thomas Woodhams, Brewer, Coal Merchant & Seedsman of High Street.

(Son) Woolgar, Blacksmith of Crouch Street.

George Woolgar, Blacksmith of Crouch Street.

Richard Woolgar, Blacksmith of Crouch Street.

William Woolgar, Blacksmith of Crouch Street.

Mark Wynter, Chemist & Druggist of High Street.


Esq. W Attree, Non-Resident Jurat.

Earl of - Chichester, Non-Resident Jurat.

Esq. Wm St George Davies, Non-Resident Jurat.

Esq. John Fitzgerald, Resident Jurat.

Lord - Howard de Walden & Seaford, Non-Resident Jurat.

Esq. Henry Simmons, Resident Jurat.

Esq. Frances Richd. Tothill, Resident Jurat.

Esq. James S Turner, Bailiff.

Esq. James Singer Turner, Resident Jurat.

Insurance Agents

J H Evans, Provincial (Welsh).

Edward Godden, Country Fire & Life.

Stephen Lowdell, Royal Fire & Life of Church Street.

Walter Towner, Sun, Fire & Life of High Street.

Public Officers

Charles Banks, Inspector of Weights and Measures.

Charles Banks, Headborough.

Rev. J Carnegie, Commissioner of Assessed & Property Taxes.

T W Chambers, Commissioner of Assessed & Property Taxes.

H M Emary, Registrar of Births, Deaths & Marriages.

Henry Miller Emary, Clerk.

William Haine, Inspector of Weights and Measures.

William Haine, Constable.

Edward Maltby, Master of National School.

James Selmes, Constable of East Sussex Constabulary Police Station, High Street.

J S Turner, Commissioner of Assessed & Property Taxes.

William Woolgar, Governor of Goal.


Rev. J Carnegie, Secretary of Shipwrecked Fisherman's & Mariners' Institution.

G Lower, Secretary of True Blue Benefit Club.

Henry Simmons, Secretary of British & Foreign Bible.


William Earl, Carrier to Lewes.

George Lower, Carrier to Lewes.

William W Wood, Carrier to Brighton, Newhaven & Rottingdean.

Transcription details

The text for this section was transcribed by: Lynne Shumway.

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