Pevensey, (East Sussex)

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Pevensey is a small village built on the east side of Pevensey Castle walls.

The castle was built by the Romans between 250 and 300 AD to defend the coast against the Franks and Alemanni who were attacking the Roman Empire in northern Europe. It was built on a small island, and was known as Anderida.

The fyrd of Alfred the Great were based in this defensive position in the 900's to defend from the marauding Vikings.

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When the Roman Legions withdrew from Britain in 408 AD, the castle was occupied by the Anglo-Saxons, until it was seized in 491 AD by Aella the Saxon. In 1042 and 1049, the castle was raided by Earl Godwine, and during the Spring and Summer of 1066 the castle was occupied by Harold's army, who were expecting William's forces.

Pevensey was occupied by the Normans in late 1066 and in the Domesday book it is referred to as the manor of Renching.

The castle was besieged, probably from the Westham side, as a narrow spit of land joined the castle to the mainland, by William Rufus(1087 - 1100) and King Stephen(1135 - 1141).

Simon De Montfort(1264) on his way from Lewes failed to take the castle, and in 1399 it was again attacked this time by the Yorkists.

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Queen Elizabeth I ordered the castle to be demolished, but her instruction went unheeded. Under Cromwell, the castle was sold to a builder for demolition. Fortunately, only a small number of stones were removed before the crown seized it in 1660 after the Restoration.

During the Second World War the castle's towers were reinforced, and camouflaged pill boxes constructed within the stronghold; they are still there today.

Places of worship:

Church details, together with baptism, marriage, monumental inscription & burial records can be accessed by clicking on the church name.

Baptist Church, Pevensey Bay

Chapel in the Castle

Holy Rood, Pevensey Bay

St James, Norman's Bay

St Nicholas

St Wilfrid (First Church), Pevensey Bay

St Wilfrid (Second Church), Pevensey Bay

Census returns:

The OPC Database has no census returns for people residing in this parish yet.

People born in this parish but residing elsewhere:

18 individuals in the OPC Database for the 1851 census.

3 individuals in the OPC Database for the 1861 census.

1 individual in the OPC Database for the 1871 census.

6 individuals in the OPC Database for the 1881 census.

2 individuals in the OPC Database for the 1891 census.

3 individuals in the OPC Database for the 1901 census.

Maps:

Grid reference: 564500, 104500 ~ View on: Google Maps, Open Street Map, streetmap, bing or oldmaps.

Poll Registers:

The OPC database contains 92 poll register entries for people entitled to vote in this parish.

1641 Protestation Returns:

There are no protestation returns for this parish in the OPC database.

Gazettes:

The OPC database contains 35 entries for people associated with this parish mentioned in Gazettes.

Photographs:

There are 90 images depicting this parish in the OPC database.

Postal directories:

The OPC database contains no postal directory entries for this parish.

1867 Kelly's Directory for Pevensey is available on the GENUKI site

1840 Pigot Directory for Pevensey

Publications:

There are no books about this parish in the Sussex OPC Bibliography.

There are 26 articles about this parish in the OPC Sussex Archeaological Collections Index.

There are 5 people from this parish in the OPC Sussex Archeaological Society Members Index.

Wills:

The OPC database contains 1 will of someone who lived in this parish.

The OPC database contains no wills that mention this parish.

Interest in this parish:

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